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Sunday, July 10, 2005
(Via Outlook)A decade back, India had less than ten million telephones. Meager growth rates, poor teledensities and increasing population made the challenge of providing ore connections formidable. With a vision to achieve 100 million telephones in a decade, Dr.Ashok Jhunjunwalla’s(professor of electrical engineering at IIT Madras and heads the TeNeT group) group assessed the paying capacity of Indians and concluded that 100 million subscribers in India cannot provide an average revenue per user (ARPU) exceeding Rs 400 per month. To make this operationally viable for the operators the group worked on new technology breakthroughs in the form of developing an affordable Wireless in Local Loop (wiLL) in place of expensive copper loops. The wireless technologies became the main thrust for growth over the last decade. In a similar nature of assessment, it is found that for India to emerge as a technological power we must provide 50 million broadband connections in the next five years.The growth so far has largely been confined to urban areas, as most operators think rural connectivity is not economically viable. The answer is a combination of policy initiatives and innovation on technological and business models. It is imperative that rural connectivity be opened to smaller operators who would strive to make it viable. Termed rural service providers, they could be given a licence to operate telephony and internet only in rural areas and a right to interconnect their network to the national network at the district headquarters. They would use a variety of emerging technologies and innovate on their business model to deliver service. Wireless technologies would still be the key and breakthrough technologies like Broadband corDECT and wiMAX would make a difference. A broadband internet kiosk in each village (similar to a PCO in each urban street) could be set up by an entrepreneur who could drive services in the village.
Category:Emerging Trends, Emerging Technologies |
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